Also known as Dala Chhath, it is the only Hindu festival dedicated to Surya, the sun God. Lord Surya, who is considered the God of energy and life force, is worshiped for sustaining the life on Earth and also fulfilling the wishes. He is also worshiped to promote well being, progress and prosperity in the season of Chhath. According to Hindu beliefs, Sun God can cure the diseases of the people including leprosy and ensures that the friends, family members and elders have a healthy and prosperous life.
In chhath, the rituals go on for four days which includes holy bathing, fasting, standing in the water for a long period of time and abstaining from drinking water. Offerings are given to the Sun god and at the time of rising and setting of the sun, Also aragh is given.
Chhath is mainly celebrated in Bihar, Jharkhand and Eastern part of Uttar Pradesh and also in the Terai regions in Nepal. Chhath is also celebrated in the areas where migrants for these areas are living. Though the festival is mainly celebrated in the Northern part of India, it is not exclusively celebrated there. Other regions too celebrate Chhath with great enthusiasm.